A sufficient quantity of soil constituents should be kept on hand in
barrels or covered boxes. Store where they will not dry out.
Rich Loam or Rotted Sod. This is the basis of most plant soils. Keep a
good supply ahead, that it
may be thoroughly decomposed.
Sand. What is known as "Builders' Sand," medium, coarse and gritty, is
the proper kind. Contrary to some horticultural superstitions, it makes
no difference what the color is, "silver" or gray, red, white or yellow.
Leaf-mould. Easily procured by scraping aside the top layer near some
stone wall or hollow in the woods where leaves collect and rot from year
Sphagnum moss is another very valuable accessory. It can be gathered
in most swampy places or bought cheaply at the florist's.
Peat. Not obtainable in all localities, but it can be bought cheap
from florists. Found under mucky bog-swamps but must be thoroughly dried
and pulverized before use.
Bone meal. This is invaluable for enriching plant soil. (See page
19.) The fine sort, sometimes called bone flour, is the quickest acting.
For plants that stay potted for several years, it is best to use about
two-thirds of the coarse-ground.
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