Gardening Directory

Ilex Paraguayensis

This is the tea plant of South America, where it occupies the same important position in the domestic economy of the country as the Chinese tea does in this. The _mate_ is prepared by drying and roasting the leaves, which are then reduced to

a powder and made into packages. When used, a small portion of the powder is placed in a vessel, sugar is added, and boiling water poured over the whole. It has an agreeable, slightly aromatic odor, rather bitter to the taste, but very refreshing and invigorating to the human frame after severe fatigue. It acts in some degree as an aperient and diuretic, and in overdoses produces intoxication. It contains the same active principle, theine as tea and coffee, but not their volatile and empyreumatic oils.

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