GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
The conservatory borders will now require liberal supplies of water.
Faded blossoms to be constantly removed; straggling growth and exhausted
stock to be cut previous to making a new growth. As the autumn is fast
approaching, the sooner the new growths
are encouraged the better, that
they may have sufficient time to mature them. All greenhouse plants will
now be benefited by exposure to the natural atmosphere: the dews
are more refreshing and invigorating than artificial moisture or the
application of the syringe.
Finish potting all specimen plants; for if left until later in the
season they will not have sufficient time to fill their pots with roots,
and, therefore, will be liable to suffer from stagnation of water at the
roots. No position can be worse for a plant than that of surrounding it
with fresh soil for months when the roots should be in a comparatively
Pelargoniums.--Continue to head them down, and to propagate the
cuttings, which will now strike freely in a sunny situation in the open
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Much moisture and free ventilation will be necessary here during warm
weather. The young plants of Euphorbias, Ixoras, Poinsettias, and other
such stove plants, to be rendered bushy by stopping them betimes.
The AEschynanthus grandiflorus, Aphelandra cristata, Eranthemum
pulchellum, Justicias, and any others that are intended for the
decoration of the conservatory in the autumn and early part of winter,
should be carefully looked over, and shifted without delay if they want
more pot-room; the shoots to be tied out thinly, and to be exposed to
as much sun as they will bear without scorching the foliage, to induce
stocky growth. Nothing is more injurious to stove plants than to keep
them growing late in the season, and thus to prevent the ripening of the
wood, which will render them more liable to injuries in winter and more
unproductive of flowers the following season.
Melons.--The plants on which the fruit is ripening to be kept rather
dry at the roots, with free exposure to the air in favourable weather. A
steady bottom heat to be kept up to the late crops.
Peaches.--If the lights have not been taken off the early-forced houses,
it would be advisable to remove them as soon as possible, that the air,
rain, and dews may have free access to act both beneficially on the
trees and to keep down red spider. In those houses which have been
treated as advised in former Calendars, the principal object now should
be to get the wood properly ripened. The late houses to be treated in
a similar manner when the fruit is gathered. Where the trees in
peach-houses have been recently planted, and are not yet in a bearing
state, the shoots will require to be trained carefully, and insects to
be kept down.
Pines.--The plants growing in beds of soil to be carefully attended to
with water, giving at each application sufficient to penetrate the whole
body of soil, as it frequently happens that the surface is moist while
the bottom is quite dry. Pot a portion of the strongest successions for
early forcing next season.
Strawberries.--Continue to lay the runners of the kinds you wish to
force in pots until you have a sufficient number.
Vines.--Muscats, now beginning to ripen, will generally require a little
fire heat to push them on; when ripened in good time they are better
flavoured and keep longer than when the ripening process is delayed to
a late period of the season. Continue to remove the stray laterals that
begin to shade the larger leaves; to be done a little at a time, as
disbudding on an extensive scale is prejudicial to fruit trees. The
young Vines in pots to have every attention, to secure as much growth
and healthy vigour as possible while the growing season lasts. Allow all
young planted Vines to ramble freely without stopping them so closely,
as is frequently practised. Before wasps and flies do much mischief
to ripe Grapes, coarse canvass should be fixed over the top lights and
front lights that are opened for the admission of air. Remove decayed
berries as soon as observed, and keep the house containing ripe fruit
dry and free from dust.
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