GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
As most plants here are now in active growth, they will require a
liberal supply of water. If the sun shines very brightly, a slight
shading would be of benefit for a few hours on very hot days.
Azaleas, Chinese.--When done
blooming, they succeed best in a close pit,
kept moderately moist and slightly shaded in the middle of the day. If
they are too large for a pit, they will do well in a vinery, or in any
other large house where they can stand at a distance from the glass
Balsams and Cockscombs.--Promote their growth by shifting them into
larger pots, in rich soil, with an abundance of light near the glass,
Camellias to be treated as advised for Azaleas.
Geraniums.--If any remain after the flower-garden masses are furnished,
they should be potted and treated with every attention as to watering,
&c. When they have made fresh roots, and begin to grow freely, to be
stopped, to make bushy plants. Calceolarias, Fuchsias, Petunias,
Verbenas, &c., treated in a similar manner, will be useful as a
reserve to succeed the greenhouse plants that are now in bloom, and to
fill up vacancies as they occur in the beds and borders.
Heaths and New Holland Plants.--Many being now in full growth will
require an abundance of water, more especially in bright weather. Many
fine specimens are frequently lost through imperfect watering; for
if the ball is once allowed to get thoroughly dry, all endeavours to
restore the plant to health and vigour are generally unsuccessful.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Ornamental stove plants--such as Brugmansias, Centradenias,
Clerodendrons, Eranthemums, Euphorbias, Geissomerias, Gesneras,
Justicias, Poinsettias, &c., to be supplied with clear liquid manure,
and to have their rambling shoots stopped. Many of the free-growing
plants will require shifting occasionally. The great object should be
to get rapid growth when light abounds, and thus to secure luxuriant
foliage at the right season, when there will be more time for the wood
to be properly matured for winter. The syringings to be given early in
the afternoon, that the plants may get dry before night.
Achimenes.--When grown in large seed-pans they produce a fine effect.
Cherries.--Give more air, and keep a drier atmosphere when the fruit is
ripening. Give plenty of water to the trees now swelling their fruit.
Syringe frequently, and keep the foliage and fruit free from insects.
Chrysanthemums.--Pot off as soon as rooted. If not already struck, the
cuttings should be put in at once.
Cucumbers.--Stop them, and water freely. All that are intended for
ridges, if hardened off, should now be planted out. See that the ball of
earth is well soaked with water before planting.
Figs.--Give them plenty of air during the day in fine weather, with
abundance of water. Use the syringe freely, except when fruit is
Peaches.--Although a dry atmosphere is necessary to give flavour to the
ripening fruit, it is not advisable to withhold water altogether from
the roots while the trees are making their growth. Water the inside
borders in the morning in clear weather, so that any vapour that arises
may pass off during the day. The outside borders, if dry, should also
be watered as far as the roots extend, and then mulched, to prevent
evaporation during hot, dry weather. If the early-forced trees have
naked branches, some of the earliest-made wood may be taken from the
trees, and buds inserted from it in the barren parts. Buds inserted
now may start into growth in July, and be stopped when about six inches
long, to get the wood well ripened.
Pines.--A bottom heat from 80 deg. to 85 deg. must be kept up to the
plants intended for fruiting in the autumn. It is advisable, where
practicable, to allow the stools from which fruit has been cut to remain
in the house for some time; to supply them liberally with water, and
occasionally with liquid manure; to encourage the growth of the suckers.
Vines.--In the houses where Grapes are ripening, the temperature may be
allowed to rise to 90 deg., with sun heat, and to decline to 60 deg. at
night. In the succession-houses thin the bunches, and do not be covetous
to over-crop the Vines, as it is the cause of many bad effects. Stop
laterals, and use the syringe freely in the afternoons.
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