GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
The compost intended for the plants in these houses should be prepared
and sweetened by several turnings; and a sufficient supply for immediate
use should be stored in an open shed.
Calceolarias (Herbaceous).--To be potted into larger pots as they
compost equal parts of turfy loam, peat, and leaf mould,
with a sprinkling of silver sand. To be kept in a moderately-moist
atmospheric temperature of from 45 deg. at night to 55 deg. in the day.
To be slightly syringed with tepid water on sunny days, and to be kept
free from insects.
Fuchsias.--After the old plants are shaken out of their pots, and their
roots reduced and fresh potted in a compost of turfy loam and peat,
with a little leaf mould and some sand added, to be introduced to a
temperature of 60 deg.. When some of the young shoots are an inch long
they may be taken off, and inserted in pans of sand kept damp, where
they will soon take root, and will require to be pushed on in heat to
make fine large specimens for the conservatory or flower garden.
New Holland Plants.--Water them with care and moderation. Air to be
given freely night and day in mild weather. Fire heat to be applied
only, and then merely sufficiently, to exclude frost. The strong shoots
of the vigorous young stock to be stopped in due time as the best
foundation for future good specimens.
Sow seeds of Thunbergias, Phlox Drummondi, Mignonette, Ten-week and
other Stocks, in pots, to be placed upon a slight hotbed.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Achimenes.--Place the tubers thickly in pans, to be potted singly as
they appear, in equal portions of leaf mould and sandy loam; to be
started into growth in a moderate bottom heat.
Gloxinias.--Select a few varieties. To be shaken out, and fresh potted
in equal parts of turfy loam and heath soil and a little sand. To be
excited in bottom heat.
Gesnera zebrina.--Those which were first in flower should be dried off
for early work next season. This is to be done by withholding water
gradually, and by keeping their foliage still exposed to the light.
Sow seeds of Egg Plants, Cockscombs, Amaranths, and other such tender
annuals in heat, to grow them in good time into fine specimens for the
adornment of the conservatory in summer.
Cucumbers.--The plants preparing for ridging out early in February will
require attention in airing, and watering with tepid water occasionally
when dry, and to be kept close to the glass to produce sturdy growth.
The plants on dung-beds require great attention at this season. To be
kept within eight or nine inches of the glass; to be stopped regularly;
and to maintain a heat of not less than 70 deg. by day; to be able
to give air to dry the plants. The fermenting materials to be always
prepared ready to receive the linings when the heat declines. For those
who are fortunate enough to be provided with pits heated by hot-water
pipes, such constant labour and attention will not be necessary.
Melons.--To be treated as advised for Cucumbers.
Peaches.--When the blossoms are beginning to expand, discontinue
syringing, but sprinkle the pathways, to produce a moist, but not too
damp, and consequently a healthy, state of the atmosphere. Fresh air is
indispensable and should be admitted at every favourable opportunity;
and if the cold external air could be made to pass over the flues, or
hot-water pipes, so as to get warmed before coming in contact with the
blossoms, a gentle circulation would be constantly kept up until the
fruit is fairly set.
Pines.--Great care is necessary when syringing, more especially those
that are about throwing up their flower-stems, that no more water may
lodge in the hearts of the plants than will evaporate during the day.
But if, from any cause, a portion remain until evening, it should be
drawn away by means of a syringe having a long and narrow tube at the
end of it, or by a piece of sponge tied to the point of a small stick.
Strawberries.--When these are throwing up their blossom-spikes a little
liquid manure may be given, but it should be very weak, and perfectly
clear. A succession of plants to be introduced where there is a gentle
heat. The decayed leaves to be trimmed off, the surface of the soil to
be stirred, and the pots to be placed on shelves near the glass.
Vines.--Continue the treatment as advised last week.
Keep up a succession of Kidney Beans, Asparagus, Sea-kale, and Rhubarb.
PITS AND FRAMES.
Cuttings of Anagallis, Heliotropes, Geraniums, Lobelias, Salvias, and
Verbenas may now be struck in a gentle bottom heat, and pushed forward
to make good sized plants for bedding out when all danger from frost is
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