GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
Continue to admit air in favourable weather, but not in currents; shut
up early; use water sparingly, and always tepid--giving little or none
to succulents and plants in a state of rest.
Flowers.--Where there is a pit at liberty it may
now be prepared for
forcing flowers. The glass must be thoroughly cleaned, as light is of
importance at this season. The tree leaves when gathered to be mixed
with a portion of well-prepared dung, to produce an early action, and
about nine inches of tan or sawdust placed over them in which to
plunge the pots. The plants, if in proper condition, may be introduced
immediately--viz. Azaleas, Camellias, Persian Lilacs, Gardenias, Moss
and Provence Roses, Rhododendrons, Sweet Briars, Honeysuckles, &c.
The Hyacinths, Narcissi, Tulips, and other bulbs that have been potted
early, as advised in due season, may be introduced successively in small
quantities when the buds are an inch or two long, plunging them in any
out-of-the-way part of the pit, covering them for a time with four or
five inches of old tan.
Heaths and New Holland Plants.--Water them sparingly. Dry the atmosphere
if necessary by lighting a slight fire on fine days. Give air freely.
Pelargoniums.--Shift and tie out as they may require. A few of the most
forward may be accelerated by a little heat.
Primroses (Chinese).--Water with caution. Two or three small pegs to be
stuck into the soil around each, to keep the stem and plant erect in the
pot. Thin out weak and deformed bloom-buds.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
The resting section of Orchids should now be allowed to settle down
gently to their annual repose by withholding water at the root, by
diminishing the amount of atmospheric moisture, and by giving a more
liberal ventilation than in the growing season. The more evergreen
kinds--such as some of the Aerides, Dendrobiums, Saccolabiums, Vandas,
&c., to be favoured with the warmest situation.
Asparagus.--Where it is wanted early, preparations should now be made
for forcing it. Any old Cucumber or Melon-bed that still retains a
gentle heat may be used for the purpose. The plants to be placed as
closely as possible, and covered with three or four inches of any light
soil. The application of linings will supply any deficiency of heat that
may be caused by severe weather. When the heads come up, to be supplied
with an abundance of light and air.
Cherries.--Look over the plants in pots, and if they require shifting
into larger pots it may be done at once. The pots to be plunged in coal
ashes, or any other loose material, to protect the roots from frost, and
where they will commence rooting immediately.
Figs.--If the summer and autumn attention has been given to them, as
advised, very little, if any, winter pruning will now be required; but
if such is necessary it may be done as soon as the leaves fade. The
trees to be carefully washed clean all over with soap and water, and
then painted over with a mixture composed of one ounce of soft soap and
one ounce of sulphur to a quart of water. Trees in pots to be shifted,
or top-dressed, as may be necessary. Shifting is only recommended when
it is desirable to increase the size of the trees. To be afterwards
placed in a shed with the pots plunged in leaves.
Pines.--The plants on which the fruit has recently appeared to be
encouraged with heat and moderate moisture; but those that are likely to
"show" for the next two months to be supplied with a temperature to keep
them progressing slowly that they may be just beginning to swell their
fruit when the days and sun are lengthening and strengthening. The state
of temperature of the beds recently renewed with tan to be examined
frequently, as they sometimes become suddenly too hot. Now, when Oak and
other tree leaves can be collected, it is advisable to use half leaves
and half dung for lining the pits heated by fermenting materials; the
leaves contribute to make the heat more regular and lasting. Give no
water to the succession plants during dull weather except to such
plants as are near the flues and pipes, and are apt to get over-dry in
Sea-kale.--If this delicious vegetable is wanted early, a small hotbed
should be made in some convenient place; the roots to be taken up and
placed upon it, covered with a little light soil, and protected by
boards or any other contrivance most convenient and suitable to exclude
light and the inclemency of the weather.
Rhubarb.--The same as advised for Sea-kale. Where a Mushroom-house is at
work is the best place for both.
Vines.--All fading leaves to be removed from the Vines on which fruit
is hanging, and the house to be kept dry, light, and airy, and free from
anything likely to create mould or damp.
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