GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
Bulbs.--The selections for winter and spring flowering to be made as
soon as possible, choosing the most suitable varieties for each season;
to be potted at two or three intervals for succession. To be potted
in light fibrous turfy loam of
a sandy quality, and placed in a dry
situation; to be covered with three or four inches of old tan or coal
Camellias.--The large, old specimens that have set their flower-buds to
be carefully supplied with water; for if they are allowed to get too dry
at the roots they are apt to drop their buds. Young vigorous plants, on
the contrary, will require to be watered rather sparingly, to prevent
them making a second growth.
Cinerarias.--Shift as they require it, and let no neglect as to
watering, &c., cause a check to their growth.
Climbers.--To have a succession late in the season when flowers
become scarce, it is advisable to cut them back for that purpose, more
especially the climbers on rafters or ornamental trellises.
New Holland Plants.--If any have been standing out of doors for some
time, it is advisable to remove the best and most tender varieties to
the cold pits, or other secure situations, to avoid the danger and risk
of exposure to wet or windy weather.
Soils.--Now is a favourable time to collect soils of different sorts for
future use. The advantages of forethought for such matters will become
evident when the time for use arrives. Leaf mould, decomposed sheep,
deer, and cowdung, road and river sand, old Cucumber, Melon, and other
such soils, to be put in separate heaps in a shed, or any other dry
place, protected from drenching rains. Each sort to be numbered, or
named, that no mistake may occur when wanted.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
All plants intended to flower this autumn to be regularly supplied
with water and occasionally with liquid manure; but all the other stove
plants to be watered more sparingly after this time, and the water to
be given early in the morning. The house to be shut up early in the
afternoon with a strong sun heat. Slight fires to be made in the
daytime, if the weather is dull, so that plenty of air may be given to
Figs.--If the nights are cold, the house or pit should be closed early,
for the benefit of the second crop of fruit.
Melons.--Withhold water when the fruit is ripening, as a sudden supply
at that time very frequently causes the fruit to crack and become
worthless. Keep the shoots so thin that every leaf may receive the
benefit of the light. Do not expose the fruit to the sun's rays till it
is fully swelled. Give a supply of manure water to the late crops, and
thin out useless laterals. It is advisable to paint the interior of the
frame, or pit, with sulphur: this, with slight syringings and shutting
up early while the sun shines upon it, will keep down insects.
Mushrooms.--Collect some very short stable-litter and horse-droppings,
and turn them over frequently with the addition of a small portion of
turfy loam until they are well incorporated. When moderately dry, to be
packed on shelves or in boxes, and be well-beaten down in layers four or
five inches thick, till the bed is the required thickness--from a foot
to eighteen inches; for success will depend in a great measure upon the
solidity of the bed. To be spawned when there is a brisk heat.
Pines.--If a strong body of fresh materials have recently been added,
the watch-sticks should be frequently examined, and any approach to a
burning heat to be counteracted by lifting the pots, &c. Fruit recently
started and swelling off to have every encouragement for the next two
months. Shut up early, to secure a strong amount of solar heat. Keep all
the growing stock warm and moist, syringing them lightly twice a-day.
Vines.--The early-forced houses, where the wood is nearly ripe, would be
benefited by free exposure to the air; but if the lights are required to
remain on, cleanliness should be observed, and all laterals kept down.
When the fruit is swelling or colouring, and when the weather is wet
or cloudy, a gentle fire, if then applied, will expel damps, and be in
other respects very beneficial to them. Stop all useless growths in the
late houses; do not remove the leaves to expose the fruit to the sun,
unless they are very thick indeed, as they are the principal agents by
which nutriment is carried to the berries.
Vines in Pots.--When the leaves begin to fade, to be removed to the
north side of a wall, and the pots to be laid on their sides, to keep
the roots dry. A little litter thrown over the pots will protect them
from sudden changes.
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