GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
The plants being cleaned, surfaced, staked, and arranged, they will
require but little beyond the ordinary attentions of watering and
regulating the admission of air. Plants, when fresh surfaced, sometimes
droop without any apparent cause, which generally arises from the roots
very dry; the fresh soil absorbing most of the moisture, and
the water escaping between the pot and ball of earth. This is usually
brought on by surfacing the plants when dry: as soon, therefore, as the
consequences are observed, the plants should be examined, and sufficient
water given to wet the ball of earth thoroughly.
Chrysanthemums.--Treat them without further delay as advised in a late
Calendar. An occasional and moderate supply of clear liquid manure
will assist to develope their flowers to greater perfection. If any
indication of mildew appear an application of the flowers of sulphur,
when the foliage is damp, will banish it.
Fuchsias.--Encourage the young stock to continue their blooming by the
application of a little weak liquid manure. When the flowering is over,
and they have lost most of their leaves, they may then be set aside in
any corner free from frost for the winter. To be kept moderately dry.
Myrtles.--These and other such evergreen plants requiring protection
to be placed in pits or frames, or in any other structure, as near the
glass as possible. To be watered regularly; but, like all other plants,
care must be taken that they do not get too much at any time during the
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
The plants that have taken their rest should be shaken out, and
repotted; pruning back such as require it, and placing them in a gentle
bottom heat. The Orchids showing bloom--such as the Cypripediums,
Phajus grandifolius and Stenorhynchus speciosus--to be supplied
with plenty of heat and moisture. Some of the other sorts--such as the
Catasetums, the Cycnoches, Lycastes, &c., that are approaching their
dormant state--to be accommodated, if possible, with a drier and cooler
atmosphere. All fast-growing plants--such as Clerodendrums, Vincas,
&c.--that require large pots in summer, to be now turned out of their
pots, the soil to be shaken from them, and repotted into the smallest
sized pots that will contain them, without pruning the roots much at
Climbers.--Some of the most rambling will now want some pruning, more
especially where they obstruct the light in any material degree. The
Combretums, Echites, Ipomsaeas, Mandevillas, late-blooming Passifloras,
Pergularias, Stephanotises, Thunbergias, &c., which are still growing,
to be regulated with a more gentle hand, cutting out but little more
than barren shoots, and drawing the remainder into somewhat closer
festoons, to allow the more free admission of sunlight into the interior
of the house.
Cucumbers.--The plants for a winter supply of fruit should now be making
progress. Keep the vines thin and use every means to keep up a good
heat, with liberal admissions of air at all favourable opportunities, to
get them strong and vigorous against the winter months. Stop mildew by
dusting the leaves with sulphur.
Mushrooms.--Succession-beds to be made according to previous directions.
Give a good sprinkling to those in bearing, to produce a genial
humidity; and turn the covering material occasionally, to keep them
sweet and free from mouldiness.
Peaches.--When the trees in the early house are pruned, it is advisable
to cover the cuts, when dry, with white lead, to prevent the admission
of air and water to the wound. Wash the trellis, whitewash the flues and
walls, and make every part of the house clean. Dress the trees with a
mixture of soft soap and sulphur in hot water; to be well rubbed in with
a brush or sponge.
Vines.--Continue to look over the ripe Grapes, cutting out any decaying
berries. If the fruit is to be kept for any length of time, and if any
plants, through want of other accommodation, must be kept under the
Vines, they should be watered in the morning, using a little fire heat
in the day, with air, to expel damp before night. Whatever system of
pruning is adopted, whether the long-rod or spur, it is advisable, when
the brown scale is visible, to take off the loose bark, to wash them,
and the wires and rafters, with soft soap dissolved in hot water, using
a hard brush, being careful not to injure the buds; afterwards to apply
hot lime, made to the consistency of thick paint.
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