Facts Regarding Crimson Clover

1. When crimson clover is sown so

early in the season that it has at least three to four months in which

to grow before winter sets in, the benefits to the land from sowing the

seed will usually more than pay for the seed and labor, even though it

should not survive the winter.

2. Prominent among the causes of failure where crimson clover does not

succeed are: (a) The seed fails to germinate because of the want of

moisture, or having germinated the young plants are killed by heat or

drought; (b) they perish in the winter from exposure to cold winds or

frosts, or by alternate freezing and thawing in the soil; or (c) the

land is too low in fertility to produce a sufficiently vigorous growth

in the plants.

3. The mechanical effects upon the soil from growing crimson clover on

it are very marked, especially when it inclines to stiffness, owing to

the strong development of the root growth.

4. When crimson clover has been sown in the spring, a reasonably good

growth is usually obtained before midsummer, even as far north as the

Canadian boundary line, but since hot weather checks further growth and

frequently causes wilting in the plants, this variety is not equal to

some of the other varieties of clover for being sown at that season.

5. In the Southern States, crimson clover has been found to render

considerable service by aiding in preventing land from washing in the

winter season.

6. When plowed under in orchards, the work should be done at an early

rather than a late stage in the growth of the plants, lest it should rob

the trees of their rightful share of the moisture. Because of this, in

some instances, if not in all, the plants should be buried before the

season of full bloom and sometimes before the blooms begin to open.

7. The seed is more certain to germinate while yet enclosed in the chaff

scales, and because of this, where home-grown seed is used, it may be

worth while to secure it in this form by flailing out the seed or

treading it out with horses.


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