WILD RED RASPBERRY





(Rubus strigosus) Rose family



Flowers - White, about 1/2 in. across, on slender, bristly

pedicels, in a loose cluster. Calyx deeply 5-parted, persistent

in fruit; 5 erect, short-lived petals, about the length of the

sepals; stamens numerous; carpels numerous, inserted on a convex

spongy receptacle, and ripening into drupelets. Stem: 3 to 6 ft.

high, shrubby, densely covered with bristles; older, woody stems

with rigid, hooked prickles. Leaves: Compounded of 3 to 5 ovate,

pointed, and irregularly saw-edged leaflets, downy beneath, on

bristly petioles. Fruit: A light red, watery, tender,

high-flavored, edible berry; ripe July-September.

Preferred Habitat - Dry soil, rocky hillsides, fence-rows,

hedges.

Flowering Season - May-July.

Distribution - Labrador to North Carolina, also in Rocky Mountain

region.



Who but the bees and such small visitors care about the raspberry

blossoms? Notwithstanding the nectar secreted in a fleshy ring

for their benefit, comparatively few insects enter the flowers,

whose small, erect petals imply no hospitable welcome.

Occasionally a visitor laden with pollen from another plant

alights in the center of a blossom, and leaves some on the

stigmas in bending his head down between them and the stamens to

reach the refreshment; but inasmuch as the erect petals allow no

room for the stamens to spread out and away from the stigmas, it

follows that self-fertilization very commonly occurs.



Of course, men and children, bears and birds, are vastly more

interested in the delicious berries; men for the reason that

several excellent market varieties, some white or pale red, the

Cuthbert and Hansall berries among others, owe their origin to

this hardy native. Many superior sorts derived from its European

counterpart (R. Idaeus) cannot well endure our rigorous northern

climate. As in the case of most berry-bearing species, the

raspberry depends upon the birds to drop its undigested seeds

over the country, that new colonies may arise under freer

conditions. Indeed, one of the best places for the budding

ornithologist to take opera-glasses and notebook is to a

raspberry patch early in the morning.



The BLACK RASPBERRY, BLACK CAP or SCOTCH CAP or THIMBLE-BERRY (R.

occidentalis), common in such situations as the red raspberry

chooses, but especially in burned-over districts from Virginia

northward and westward, has very long, smooth, cane-like stems,

often bending low until they root again at the tips. These are

only sparingly armed with small, hooked prickles, no bristles.

The flowers, which are similar to the preceding, but clustered

more compactly, are sparingly visited by insects; nevertheless

when self-fertilized, as they usually are, abundant

purplish-black berries, hollow like a thimble where they drop

from the spongy receptacle, ripen in July. Numerous garden

hybrids have been derived from this prolific species also. Indeed

its offspring are the easiest raspberries to grow, since they

form new plants at the tips of the branches, yet do not weaken

themselves with suckers, and so, even without care, yield immense

crops. One need not stir many feet around a good raspberry patch

to enjoy a Transcendental feast.





WILD POTATOVINE MANOFTHEEARTH MECHAMECK WILD ROSEMARY MARCH HOLY ROSE WATER ANDROMEDA MOORWORT facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail

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