Facts Regarding Crimson Clover
1. When crimson clover is sown so
early in the season that it has at least three to four months in which
to grow before winter sets in, the benefits to the land from sowing the
seed will usually more than pay for
the seed and labor, even though it
should not survive the winter.
2. Prominent among the causes of failure where crimson clover does not
succeed are: (a) The seed fails to germinate because of the want of
moisture, or having germinated the young plants are killed by heat or
drought; (b) they perish in the winter from exposure to cold winds or
frosts, or by alternate freezing and thawing in the soil; or (c) the
land is too low in fertility to produce a sufficiently vigorous growth
in the plants.
3. The mechanical effects upon the soil from growing crimson clover on
it are very marked, especially when it inclines to stiffness, owing to
the strong development of the root growth.
4. When crimson clover has been sown in the spring, a reasonably good
growth is usually obtained before midsummer, even as far north as the
Canadian boundary line, but since hot weather checks further growth and
frequently causes wilting in the plants, this variety is not equal to
some of the other varieties of clover for being sown at that season.
5. In the Southern States, crimson clover has been found to render
considerable service by aiding in preventing land from washing in the
6. When plowed under in orchards, the work should be done at an early
rather than a late stage in the growth of the plants, lest it should rob
the trees of their rightful share of the moisture. Because of this, in
some instances, if not in all, the plants should be buried before the
season of full bloom and sometimes before the blooms begin to open.
7. The seed is more certain to germinate while yet enclosed in the chaff
scales, and because of this, where home-grown seed is used, it may be
worth while to secure it in this form by flailing out the seed or
treading it out with horses.
CHAPTER WHITE CLOVER
Next: White Clover
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