GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
The plants will now require particular attention and a nice
discrimination in the application of water: it may be comprehended by
all persons interested in gardening operations, that when the soil on
the surface of the pot looks damp it will
not require water until it
gets thoroughly dry at this season, and then it is to be given before
the plant droops or flags for want of it. But when the plant droops and
the soil on the surface appears damp, the cause is then to be discovered
by turning the ball out of the pot, when it will be seen whether the
whole or only a portion of the soil is wet; as it sometimes happens,
when fresh potted with light soil, it shrinks from the sides of the pot
when dry, and when water is given it runs down and moistens the outside,
without penetrating the ball. The evil is corrected by holding it for
a short space of time in a tub of water of the same temperature as the
house. If the soil of any plant is sodden with water it should be turned
out of the pot, and the drainage examined, and no water to be given
until it becomes thoroughly dry.
Verbenas.--They require to be kept tolerably dry, as they are more
susceptible of injury from damp than from cold; a top shelf near the
glass in the greenhouse is a very suitable place for them. If mildew
appears, to be dusted with flowers of sulphur.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Although all plants now at rest should be kept comparatively dry, they
will require to be looked over daily to see that they do not suffer for
want of water. The temperature not to exceed 60 deg. by fire heat, and
a fall of 10 deg. may be allowed at night in very cold weather. Many of
the stove plants--such as Aphelandras, Justicias, Poinsettias, &c.--may
now be cut down altogether, and kept dry for a few weeks, which will
cause them to make an early growth, and to come into flower a few weeks
sooner next winter.
Gesneras.--Select a few roots of them and a few of the Gloxinias to
start into growth to produce a succession of flowers.
Asparagus.--If the soil in the bed is dry, give it a liberal supply
of water, so that it may descend to the roots, as unproductiveness is
sometimes caused by the soil at the roots being very dry when the top is
kept moist by gentle waterings.
Beans (Dwarf Kidney).--Sow every three weeks, if a constant supply is
wanted. Keep the early crops well supplied with water, and give them
frequent sprinklings overhead, to prevent the attacks of red spider.
Mushrooms.--An abundance of water to be thrown about the floors. If the
beds are dry, to be syringed with lukewarm water, applying it like dew
at intervals for a few hours. Temperature from 50 deg. to 60 deg., with
air occasionally in favourable weather.
Peaches.--Continue previous directions. The trees in bloom to be
artificially impregnated, and the foreright shoots to be rubbed off
a few at a time before they become too large. Currents of air to be
carefully avoided, especially when the trees are in bloom, as they have
been sometimes observed to sustain injury from the two end doors
being left open for a short time. Air to be given at the top daily in
Pines.--As the days lengthen and the light increases the plants that are
swelling their fruit should be supplied with a gradual increase of heat
(from 65 deg. at night to 75 deg. or 80 deg. in the middle of the day in
clear weather), water, and atmospheric moisture; while others that
are in bloom and starting into fruit require more air or more moderate
temperature, care in watering and less atmospheric humidity. Some of
the strongest succession plants that are grown in pots to receive their
final shift, that they may make their growth for fruiting in May or
June. In old-fashioned pits or houses, where the flues run near the
tan-bed, the plants should be closely examined, as they are apt to be
injured by fire heat in such a situation.
Strawberries.--A few dozens more pots may be placed in a frame where
there is a gentle heat and an atmosphere more congenial to their healthy
growth than in a house.
Vines.--When they have made shoots two or three inches long, the night
temperature to range from 60 deg. to 65 deg., with an increase of from 5
deg. to 10 deg. during the day.
PITS AND FRAMES.
Keep the plants in these structures as hardy as possible by fully
exposing them in mild weather, but do not give any more water than is
absolutely necessary. Remove all decayed and decaying leaves, and keep
the atmosphere in as healthy a state as possible.
Make small hotbeds for sowing Cucumbers and Melons, Radishes and Early
Horn Carrots, Cauliflower and Walcheren Broccoli, Lettuce, and
various other things, which will be found useful where the late severe
weather, or other cause, may have diminished the autumn sowings.
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