GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
Finish housing the greenhouse plants, and give them as much air as
possible; for if air is too sparingly admitted at this season, when
many of the plants have not finished their growth, it will cause them to
produce weak and
tender shoots, which will be very liable to damp off
at a more advanced period when the inclemency of the external air will
cause them to be kept close. Water to be liberally supplied when they
are first taken into the house, as the dry boards on which they may
stand, or the elevated situation and free circulation of air will
occasion a more frequent want of that element than when they stood on
the moist earth. However, by no means go to the extreme, but give it
only when evidently necessary.
Azaleas.--Plants that have set their blooms to be removed to the
greenhouse; but the late kinds to remain in heat until their growth is
matured and the bloom set. If a few are required to bloom at Christmas,
or a little after, they should be kept in heat until the bloom-buds have
swelled to a good size, when they will require but very little forcing
to start them into bloom.
Bulbs.--Procure and pot them as soon as possible, as much of the success
of early forcing depends upon early potting.
Camellias.--Treat them as advised for Azaleas.
Heaths.--Look sharply after mildew, as plants that have been growing
freely in a shady situation in the open air, and are in a rather
succulent state when taken indoors, are liable to be attacked by this
pest, which should be removed on its first appearance by an application
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Commence a gradual reduction of the temperature in correspondence with
the decline of external heat; by such means the plants will be better
prepared to withstand the gloom and other vicissitudes of the winter
Begonias.--Encourage the different kinds for winter flowering by
shifting them, if necessary, into larger pots. They succeed best in a
compost of half leaf mould and half loam. They grow luxuriantly in a
soil composed entirely of decayed vegetable matter; but in that they are
liable to rot off at the base of the stem.
Figs.--Trees in tubs or pots still bearing to be assisted with a little
liquid manure when dry. Withhold water gradually from the borders, to
induce an early, but not a too premature, ripeness of the wood and an
Peaches.--The flues of the early house may now be cleaned, and, if not
yet done, the lights washed and painted, if necessary.
Pines.--If there are some of the spring fruiting plants still remaining
in the fruiting-house, they should either be placed at one end of the
pit, or removed to a small house by themselves; the house should then be
prepared for the best of the succession plants for the second crop next
summer. Plants showing fruit after this time, although they cannot be
expected to produce as fine fruit as if earlier in the season, will,
nevertheless, be found very useful, and should have every attention
given to them while the season continues favourable. To be placed in the
warmest corner of the house, and to be supplied when dry with a little
liquid manure. Continue to grow on the young stock while the weather
continues favourable; for fine sunny days and moist growing nights are
all that we can desire. A good portion of solar heat to be secured by
shutting up early. On cold nights gentle fires will be necessary to keep
up the temperature to 70 deg. towards morning.
Vines.--The Vines that are to be forced early, if the wood is well
ripened and all the leaves nearly off, may be pruned without much
fear of bleeding, keeping the house as cool as possible; but if, from
appearances, the sap is not considered to be sufficiently at rest, the
pruning should be postponed. Continue to forward the Grapes not yet
ripe by giving a little fire heat during the day. Air to be given to the
house as soon as the sun shines upon it, as the vapour that ascends, if
not allowed to pass off by ventilation, will cause the Grapes to become
mouldy and worthless.
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