GREENHOUSE AND CONSERVATORY.
The stock of plants out of doors to be carefully looked over in showery
weather that they may not suffer from imperfect drainage. The more
delicate sorts to be returned to the houses, or protected by some means
during heavy rains.
they are kept in-doors give an abundance of air night
and day, with an occasional application of the syringe, keeping the
paths and floors damp. When they have ceased growing, and have formed
their flower-buds, discontinue to syringe the plants overhead, as it
sometimes starts them into a fresh growth that will be the destruction
of the flower-buds.
Chrysanthemums.--Plant them out eighteen or twenty inches apart in an
open piece of ground. Some to be left to grow as standards on one stem,
and others to be topped, to make them bushy.
Cinerarias.--In raising seedlings it is advisable to select each parent
plant, distinguished for its dwarf habit and decided colour, and to
place them by themselves in a pit or frame. The seed should be carefully
gathered as it ripens. It should be sown in shallow pots, or pans, well
drained with crocks; then some siftings, and over that some light soil,
with some finer and more sandy on the surface, covering the seeds very
lightly with the same; and slightly sprinkling, or watering, through a
very fine rose, and the surface covered with a little moss, to prevent
evaporation. In a few days the seedlings will be up; then remove the
moss, and let them remain in the pots, or pans, until they are large
enough to be handled with safety; then pot them in small pots, and keep
close for a day or two.
Lilium lancifolium.--Give attention to them; as also to tree Carnations,
Salvia splendens, Scarlet Geraniums, &c., for autumn and early winter
Oranges.--The same as advised for Camellias.
STOVE AND ORCHID-HOUSE.
Achimenes.--Repot, as also Begonias and Gesneras, for succession of
Luculia gratissima.--Propagate by cuttings.
Some of the Orchids will now require to be topped up a little with fresh
soil. The Barkeria spectabilis, Epidendrum Skinneri, the Lycastes,
Odontoglossum grande, &c., will now enjoy the temperature of the
Figs.--Continue to stop all shoots when five or six joints long. Never
allow the trees in tubs, or pots, to want water; they now require daily
Melons.--Shade them during bright sunshine for a few hours in the middle
of the day. If the red spider appears, rub sulphur vivum, mixed with
water, on slates or tiles, and place them in the pit, or frame, where
the sun's rays may fall upon them.
Peaches.--Admit plenty of air when the fruit is ripe, or nearly so. When
the crop is gathered, give them a good washing with the syringe. Those
changing for ripening, if the trees are young and vigorous, to have a
general stopping of the strong shoots all over the higher parts of the
tree. To keep down red spider, it is advisable to wash the walls, pipes,
or flues, with sulphur vivum reduced to the consistency of paint; or to
paint some slates, tiles, or common saucers, with the mixture, and to
place them in different parts of the house, where the sun can shine upon
Pines.--If the pot plants in fruit are in a healthy condition, well
furnished with roots, an occasional supply of clear manure water, in a
warm state, may be given with advantage to them.
Strawberries.--As it is necessary, by early attention, to ensure a
healthy, vigorous growth, therefore, as soon as the runners have emitted
the least portion of root, take them off, and prick them out on a rich
piece of ground, or on an old hotbed where Radishes or early Potatoes
have been grown under hoops, where, when the weather is hot, they are
more convenient to shade, and require less water.
Vines.--When the fruit is cut in the early houses, ripen the wood
by exposing it night and day, except during heavy rains. Water to be
gradually withheld as the growth of the plants declines, and somewhat in
the proportion in which you would have vegetation stop, not all at
once, but gradually. The Vines with fruit now stoning may be allowed to
produce a few redundant shoots if there is sufficient room to lay them
in without crowding, or overlapping the old wood, or shading the old
leaves. The late Grapes to be finally thinned, their shoulders to be
tied out, and every useless shoot to be removed. Keep the Vines in pots
trained, and exposed to light, and apply weak liquid manure frequently.
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